marolog - a story of lives (in Denmark)

What maro sees, hears, smells, tastes, touches, and feels in his life will be told in his way in this blog. So today, what you'll see through his eyes?

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本日も英語備忘録のみ。

while being aware of ~
~を意識しながら、~を知りながら


ボキャブラリーが足りてないので、少しずつやっていくしかないですね。

スポンサーサイト

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どこかで、このブログのてこ入れを図りたいと思ってますが、いまはまだ忙しいので、備忘録のみ。

w.r.t.とは?

with regard to、=with respect to
 ~については、~に関しては

(引用元: http://oshiete.goo.ne.jp/qa/286345.html)


だそうです。勉強になります。

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久しぶりの更新ですが、今回は英語表現の備忘録として。
(また、まだこのブログがかろうじて生きていることを確認する目的として!?)

To come right to the point,
To tell the conclusion first,
To make a long story short,
In answer to your question,

こういう表現のバラエティを、学校の授業でも教えればいいのに。。。

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This is the just memorandam for working at international companies:

1. NET & GROSS
NETは辞書を引けば「正味の」という意味。要するに何か手を加えた後の最終的な状態を指す。
例)Net sales 正味売上高、純売上高
例)Net risk 最終的な(出来る限りのことを行った後の)リスクを指す
これに対してGROSSは要するに何もしていない状態のものを指す。辞書を引くと「総計」などと出てくる。
例)Gross sales 総売上、総売上高、水揚げ
例)Gross risk まだ何も対応等を施していない、あがってきたままのリスクを指す

2. RISKを計る際の指標例
IMPACT
Minor -> Moderate -> Major -> Critical
LIKELIHOOD
Unlikely -> Possible -> Likely -> Very Likely

3. Runners up
辞書で引くと「準優勝者、上位入賞者」など。要するに気にかかるもの、や、特筆すべきもの、毎回上位にリストされるもの、などを指す。(恐らく)

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When you study English, what do you use?

English news paper?
Words card/book?
English text book?
Your favorite Movie? Music? Musical?

In my case, I use the podcast of CBC radio.

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Today I'm going to introduce dictionaries and translation website which I've been using in daily life.

What dictionary do you usually use?
I'm using these dictionaries. They are for free!

Dictionary Links
No. Language URL Links maro's Comment
1 Japanese <--> English SPACE ALC My favorite Dictionary. There are lots of vocabularies and examples.
2 Japanese <--> English goo Dictionary So so. It's just ok. Not so many vocabularies are there, but sound files of each word are available.
3 English ---> English The Free Dictionary Love it! It provides us the pronunciation of each word by sound, and is also useful as thesaurus.
4 English ---> English Dictionary.com Like it! It is also useful as thesaurus. Sound files are unavailable for free.
5 English ---> English Cambridge Dictionary Simple. Easy to use. No sounds files.
6 English ---> English Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary Simple. Easy to use. No sounds files. Lots of idioms are there.


These are translation website for me!

Translation Website Links
No. Language URL Links maro's Comment
1 Japanese <--> English
Japanese <--> Chinese
Japanese <--> Korean
Excite Translation It's useful for technical sentence translation, I think.
2 Japanese <--> English
Japanese <--> Chinese
Japanese <--> Korean
OCN Translation It's useful for none-technical sentence translation, I think.
3 English <--> Japanese
English <--> Multi Language
AltaVista - Babel Fish Translation It shows strange translation often.


If you know the other dictionaries or translation websites, please let me know and let me share it together!

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Today's new expression which I got from my friend is this!

[ cross one's fingers ]
To hope that your plans will be successful (sometimes putting one finger across another as a sign of hoping for good luck).

eg. keep one's fingers crossed!

(from OXFORD Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

I like this expression!

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こんな↓感じらしい。なるほど。

 「お噂はかねがね伺っています。」

 I have heard a lot about you.

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海外の友達からメールを貰ったときに「inot」っていう単語がでてきました。

これの使い方がイマイチよくわからん。

文面はこんな↓感じで、

 「it sounds like you are really inot surfing right now!」

意味は、

 「今、すごーくサーフィンにハマってるみたいだね!」

くらいでしょうか。この辺はちゃんと調べなきゃ・・・。

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日本人はよく気にするな!の意味で「ドンマイ」=「Don't Mind」を使います。
でも海外に行ったときに同じようなニュアンスで使おうと思ったら、現地の友達は同じニュアンスで「Never mind」と使っていました。それから「Don't Mind」は使わずに「Never Mind」にしてます。
調べるといろいろ出てきますよ。もうちょっと調べてみます。

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ということで、今まで学習したことの覚え書きを書いておこうと思います。

1. Title Rules
2. Capitalization Rules
3. Adverbs of Frequency
4. Connectors
5. Indefinite Pronouns

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1. Capitalize the first, last, and important words in a title.

Choosing a Vacation Spot

2. Do not capitalize short prepositions such as on, to, in, and for; short conjunctions such as and, or, and so; and the articles a, an, and the.

How to Fight Stress
Winning the Lottery

(*) Exception: Capitalize a short word if it is the first word in a title.

The Problems of Single Parenting
The Advantages of Public Transportation



Back to "Studying Enlish!"

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1. Title Rules
2. Capitalization Rules
3. Adverbs of Frequency
4. Connectors

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Place an adverb of frequency
1. Before the main verb.
The bride never takes it off.

2. After the verb be and all helping verbs in positive sentences: am, are is was, were, have, has, had, do, does, did, shall, should, can, coul, will, would, may, might, or must.
Traditional Hindu weddings are usually lavish affairs.

3. If the helping verb is negative - isn't, doesn't, won't, and so on - the word order is as follows:
a. The adverbs sometimes, frequently, and occasionally come before a negative helping verb.
He frequently doesn't do his homework. He sometimes doesn't do his homework.
b. Usually, often, and generally can come before or after a negative helping verb.
He often doesn't do his homework. He doesn't often do his homework.
c. Sometimes may also come at the beginning of a sentence.
Sometimes he doesn't do his homework.

Here are some additional examples of the use of adverbs of frequency, showing their meanings:
100% of the time:   Weddings are always joyous occasions.
80 % of the time:   He usually arrives in a white car.
    He generally arrives in a white car.
60% of the time:   They often provide a dowry.
    They frequently provide a dowry.
40% of the time:   He sometimes arrives on a white elephant.
    He occasionally arrives on a white elephant.
20% of the time:   The party seldom ends before midnight
10% of the time:   Weddings are rarely held in the morning.
0% of the time:   The bridge never takes off the necklace of black beads while her husband is living.


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These indefinite pronouns are singular and take singular verbs:
  - anybody
  - anyone
  - each
  - either
  - everybody
  - everyone
  - neither
  - nobody
  - no one
  - one
  - somebody
  - someone

Examples:
  - Is anybody home?
  - Anyone may apply for the scholoarship.
  - Of the five models, each has a special feature.
  - Either Rose or Sharon has the list.
  - Everybody needs a dream.
  - Nobody answers the phone after six o'clock.
  - Somebody has to fix the flat tire.
  - Someone is peering in the window.

These indefinite pronouns are plural and take plural verbs:
  - several
  - both
  - many
  - few

Examples:
  - Several of the applicants are waiting in the hall.
  - Both are interested in taking economics courses.
  - Many are not in favor of the new parking regulations.
  - Few of the students returned to the dorm before noon.

These indefinite pronouns can be singular or plural depending on the meaning of the sentencs:
  - some
  - none
  - all
  - most
  - any
  - a lot

Use a singular verb form if the pronoun refers to a single quantity and use a plural verb if the pronoun refers to more than one unit of something.

Examples:
  - Some of the work is ver difficult.
  - Some of the cookies are burned.
  - All of the coffee has been drunk.
  - All of the tickets have been turned in.
  - Most of the food is in the refrigerator.
  - Most of the choir members are on the bus.
  - A lot of the work was too easy.
  - A lot of people were angry.


Back to "Studying Enlish!"

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1. Title Rules
2. Capitalization Rules
3. Adverbs of Frequency
4. Connectors

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